Download Theoretical Concepts in Physics: An Alternative View of by Malcolm S. Longair PDF

By Malcolm S. Longair

This moment version of a favored textual content demonstrates how physics may be liked via a sequence of case stories spanning an entire collage physics direction. Highlights comprise 3 new chapters on Newton's legislation (one on historic astronomy as much as the time of Galileo, one on Galileo, and one on Newton); a brand new bankruptcy on dimensional equipment, chaos and self-organized criticality; and a brand new bankruptcy at the expertise of cosmology. even though all of the arguments are awarded accurately in actual and mathematical terminology, the ebook is written in a comparatively non-technical demeanour, meant to show a deep realizing and appreciation of the wonderful achievements of theorists in developing the constitution of recent physics. First variation Hb (1984): 0-521-25550-3 First version Pb (1984): 0-521-27553-9

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9ff. Casper, M . ( 1959). Op. , p. 7 1 . Kepler, 1. ( 1 609). From Astronomia Nova. See Johannes Keplers Gesammelte Werke, ed. M. Casper, Vol. III, p. 1 78, Munich: Beck ( 1 937). 2 . 5 Refe ren ces 33 14 Kepler, 1. ( 1 6 1 0). In Conversation with Galileo s Sidereal Messenger, ed. and trans. E. Rosen ( 1965), p. 42. New York and London: Johnson Reprint Co. 1 5 Galilei, G. ( 1 630). Quoted by Rupert Hall, A . ( 1 970), From Galileo to Newton 1 63 0-1 720. The Rise ofModern Science 2, p. 4 1 , London: Fontana Science.

They travel with constant speed parallel to the ground and are accelerated by gravity in the vertical direction. For the first time, he was able to work out the parabolic paths of cannon balls and other projectiles (Fig. 5). 3 . 4: How Galileo showed that the period o f a long pendulum i s independent o f the amplitude of the swing. Note the relation to Fig. 3 . 3 . Figure 3 . 5 : A page from Galileo's notebooks showing the trajectories o f projectiles under the com­ bination of acceleration under gravity and constant horizontal speed.

Each planet in turn, together with its occupants, is served by its own satellites. From this line of reasoning we deduce with the highest degree of probability that Jupiter is inhabited. 1 4 What can one say? It is intriguing that this fonn of extreme lateral thinking was part of the personality of the greatest ll1athematician in Europe at the tilne. Kepler's third law was deeply buried in his treatise, Harmonices Mundi or The Harmony of the World. According to Max Casper, this work, published in 1 6 1 9, was his crown­ ing achievelnent, in which he attenlpted to synthesise all his ideas into one harmonious 30 2 F ro m Pto l emy t o Ke p l e r - the Coper n ica n revo l ut i o n picture of the Universe.

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