By Gregory A. Elmes, George Roedl, Jamison Conley
A number of disciplines and professions have embraced geospatial applied sciences for accumulating, storing, manipulating, reading and showing spatial info to enquire crime, prosecute and convict offenders, exonerate suspects and post proof in civil court cases. The functions, acceptability and relevance and procedural legality of every geospatial applied sciences fluctuate. the aim of this ebook is to give an explanation for the character of geospatial applied sciences, reveal quite a few geospatial purposes used to enquire and litigate civil and felony actions and to supply a reference of present acceptability of geospatial expertise within the creation of facts. This e-book is an introductory evaluation designed to attract researchers and practitioners throughout disciplinary limitations. The authors of this ebook are researchers and practitioners throughout disciplines and professions, specialists within the field.
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Additional info for Forensic GIS: The Role of Geospatial Technologies for Investigating Crime and Providing Evidence
Pdf. Accessed 20 Jan 2009 Daubert v. S. Ct. 2786 Delaney TQ, McMahon CM (2000) Jumping over the evidence hurdle at trial. Natl Law J. action=view&publication_id=116. Accessed 28 Aug 2013 Dischinger SS, Wallace LA (2005) Geographic information systems: coming to a courtroom near you. Colo Lawyer 34(4):11–23 Dow Chemical Company v. S. 227 Faigman DL, Saks MJ, Sanders J (eds) (2006) Admissibility of scientific evidence. In: Modern scientific evidence: the law and science of expert testimony, vol 1.
4 Summary In today’s society, computer technology is used not only to commit crimes but also in litigation (Pratt 2001). , creating animations, simulations, and virtual reality), it is rare to discover a case that does not involve the use of computers. While remaining cautious about the trustworthiness and reliability of CGE, judges at all levels of the judicial hierarchy have demonstrated an increased comfort level with CGE use (Flamm and Solomon 2004). However, it is clear from a pragmatic legal perspective that CGE differs immensely from traditional paper documents (Onsrud 1992).
Furthermore, the data need to be made at or near the time in question by a person with knowledge of the system and not indicate a lack of trustworthiness from either the source of information or the methods or circumstances of preparation. The business record exception is most often applicable to the successful admission of CGE (Onsrud 1992). Rule 803(8) governs the criteria necessary to qualify public records as an exception to the hearsay rule. Public records are simply the records or 2 Geospatial Technologies in the Courtroom 29 statements of a public office.