By Peter P. Schweitzer
This assortment reaffirms the significance of kinship, and of learning kinship, in the framework of social anthropology.The individuals learn either the advantages and burdens of kinship throughout cultures and discover how 'relatedness' is inextricably associated with different innovations which outline people's identities - corresponding to gender, strength and historical past. With examples from quite a lot of components together with Austria, Greenland, Portugal, Turkey and the Amazon, it covers subject matters such as:* how humans select and turn on relations* management, non secular energy and kinship* inheritance, marriage and social inequality* familial sentiment and monetary curiosity* the function of kinship in Utopian communesDividends of Kinshipprovides a well timed and important reappraisal of where of familial kin within the modern international. it will likely be of curiosity to undergraduates, postgraduates and teachers in anthropology, and around the social sciences.
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Extra resources for Dividends of Kinship (European Association of Social Anthropologists)
In this chapter I argue that kinship is both the foundation for social relatedness and social organisation, and the key organising principle for subsistence activities in Kangersuatsiaq, a village in north-west Greenland. However, I reject the notion that in Kangersuatsiaq kinship is biologically prescribed. This is immediately apparent to anyone who tries to collect genealogies, work out an individual’s kin reckoning or simply listen to the way people use kinship terms in situations of both reference and address.
Furthermore, the only three permanently successful cases (kibbutzim, Hutterite colonies and Bruderhof communities) are the ones that emphasise family and kinship most strongly. Family and kinship are controlled, however, by the fact that ultimate authority rests with the entire community and that members have to participate in sanctions against deviant members, even if they are their own spouses or children. In the end, Utopian communes are perfect illustrations of how difficult it is to get away from notions of family and kinship established by the wider culture in which its founding members grew up.
The influential sociological study on Family and Kinship in East London (Young and Willmott 1957) followed on its heels. Schneider’s study was initially planned as a comparative study of urban kinship in Chicago and London (together with Firth). However, due to methodological problems, the planned joint monograph was never realised and the data from Chicago and London were analysed and published separately (personal communication with Nelson Graburn in early 1999, who was a founding fieldworker on Schneider’s project).