Download Designing for Human Reliability: Human Factors Engineering by Ronald W. McLeod PDF

By Ronald W. McLeod

Industry underestimates the level to which behaviour at paintings is stimulated by means of the layout of the operating surroundings. Designing for Human Reliability argues that higher information of the contribution of layout to human mistakes can considerably increase HSE functionality and enhance go back on funding. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why paintings platforms are designed and applied such that "design-induced human blunders" turns into more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how good understood mental methods can lead humans to make judgements and to take activities that differently appear very unlikely to appreciate. Designing for Human Reliability units out 13 key components to convey the degrees of human reliability anticipated to accomplish the go back on funding sought whilst judgements are made to speculate in initiatives. And it demonstrates how research of the human contribution to incidents could be greater by means of concentrating on what businesses anticipated and meant after they selected to depend on human functionality as a barrier, or keep watch over, opposed to incidents.

  • Recognise a few ‘hard truths’ of human functionality and know about the significance of making use of the rules of Human elements Engineering on capital projects
  • Learn from research of real-world incidents how changes among ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ types of pondering may end up in human errors in commercial processes
  • Learn how controls and barrier opposed to significant incidents that depend upon human functionality should be bolstered in the course of the layout and improvement of resources and equipment

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    Extra info for Designing for Human Reliability: Human Factors Engineering in the Oil, Gas, and Process Industries

    Sample text

    The first question is an example of something that is common. It has been seen in many industrial accidents and indeed occurs frequently in everyday life. There seem to me to at least two possible types of answers: ones that are complementary rather than alternatives. ” This type of answer uses the inclination to look for evidence that confirms what we already believe and seek to explain away inconsistent information in a way that allows us to continue to hold those beliefs. Perhaps the most widely known recent example of confirmation bias, at least in the upstream oil and gas industry, occurred during the events preceding the loss of the Deepwater Horizon drilling platform in 2010 [1] when the operators came to the conclusion—incorrectly—that a pressure guage must have been faulty when it was not showing the expected readings.

    Because the bottom valve actuator air hoses were found disconnected and the emergency air hose used to bypass the interlock was found connected, the blaster operator, who likely believed the reactor contained only cleaning water, used the emergency air hose to bypass the bottom valve pressure interlock and open the reactor bottom valve while the reactor was operating, releasing the contents. [1], p. 23-24 Providing an interlock to prevent the valve from opening when the reactor was pressurized is clearly good safety engineering practice.

    Someone who is thinking quickly, coming to the conclusion that the switch was faulty because that was consistent both with what he believed to be the case (that he was standing in front of an empty reactor) and possibly with previous experience of valve switches failing. ” It applies equally well to trust in automation. Making sense of Formosa 29 than to experience doubt and to go to the effort of looking for some other explanation. Anyone working in a System 1 style of thinking might have reached the same conclusion.

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