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By Ulf Hannerz

A wealthy, witty, and available advent to the anthropology of latest cultures, Cultural Complexity emphasizes that tradition is equipped when it comes to states, markets, and events. Hannerz can pay specified consciousness to the interaction among the centralizing companies of tradition, akin to faculties and media, and the decentering range of subcultures, and considers the precise function of towns because the facilities of cultural growth.Hannerz discusses cultural method in small-scale societies, the concept that of subcultures, and the economics and politics of tradition. eventually, he offers the twentieth-century globalization of tradition as a means of cultural diffusion, polycentralism, and native innovation, targeting classes of extensive cultural productiveness in Vienna, Calcutta, and San Francisco.

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The latter consistently exhibited the highest rate of exogamous marriages, the Jewish the lowest, and the Catholics fell somewhere in between (1976:330-1). In summary, Canadian research revealed a trend toward increasing exogamy for ethnic and religious groups since the early decades 38 Ethnic Groups and Marital Choices of the twentieth century in Canada as a whole as well as for individual provinces. Variations were noted among ethnic origin groups and among religious groups. While the Jewish group consistently exhibited the lowest rate of intermarriage, Germans and Scandinavians tended to exhibit the highest rates of exogamy.

In addition, he found generation to be positively and directly related to intermarriage propensities, that sex ratios among the groups were a basic factor in rates of intermarriage, and that the intergenerational marriages tended to occur between individuals of the same nationality or cultural origin. Overall Bossard found a significant amount of intermarriage by both nativity and birthplace (1939:797). Interest in the study of intermarriage as a measure of how far the melting pot of assimilation had progressed continued during the 19403.

In Hurd's words it appeared 'that very considerable progress ha[d] been made during the past decade (1931 and 1941) in fusing the various ingredients in Canada's "racial melting pot"' (1964:101). Hurd attributed this finding to changing attitudes among second and third-plus generations. Although he realized that little immigration occurred between 1931 and 1941 (see 34 Ethnic Groups and Marital Choices Figure 2), he failed to recognize the full impact of this fact, namely, that the absence of immigrants, most of whom were already married when they arrived in Canada and therefore likely to have spouses of the same ethnic origin as themselves, would result in a reduction of endogamous marriages (Kalbach 1983:200).

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