By Committee on Coal Waste Impoundments, Committee on Earth Resources, Board on Earth Sciences and Resources, National Research Council
On October eleven, 2000, a step forward of Martin County Coal Corporation’s coal waste impoundment published 250 million gallons of slurry in close to Inez, Kentucky. The 72-acre floor impoundment for coal processing waste material broke via right into a close by underground coal mine. even if the spill triggered no lack of human lifestyles, environmental harm was once major, and native water offers have been disrupted. This incident brought on Congress to request the nationwide learn Council to envision how one can decrease the possibility of related injuries sooner or later. This publication covers the engineering practices and criteria for coal waste impoundments and how one can overview, increase, and video display them; the accuracy of mine maps and how one can enhance surveying and mapping of mines; and substitute applied sciences for coal slurry disposal and usage. The publication comprises recommendation for a number of audiences, together with the Mine protection and future health management, the place of work of floor Mining, and different federal corporations; nation and native policymakers and regulators; the coal and its experts; and scientists and engineers.
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Additional resources for Coal Waste Impoundments: Risks, Responses, and Alternatives
Other active Western coal reserves are found in Colorado, Utah, New Mexico, Arizona, and Alaska (Chircop, 1999). In the About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files. Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted.
These conditions engendered the development of vast, laterally extensive peat swamps along the coastlines and delta platforms. Periodically, sea level rose and shallow marine environments flooded the swamps, depositing marine shales and limestones. The cyclic repetition of these sedimentary environments has resulted in some of the most complex stratigraphic sequences in the geologic record. , 1979. About this PDF file: This new digital representation of the original work has been recomposed from XML files created from the original paper book, not from the original typesetting files.
Page breaks are true to the original; line lengths, word breaks, heading styles, and other typesetting-specific formatting, however, cannot be retained, and some typographic errors may have been accidentally inserted. Please use the print version of this publication as the authoritative version for attribution. 2 Coal system components. Dotted arrows indicate important feedback to mining feasibility. Modified from Office of Technology Assessment, 1979. Limitations on sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from coal-fired power plants have also contributed to the need for advanced coal-cleaning technology.