By V I Osipov; V N Sokolov; V V Eremeev
content material: Pt. I. Formation of Clay Seal houses: Theoretical basics --
Ch. 1. Composition of Clay Sediments and Their constitution Formation in Sedimentogenesis --
Ch. 2. Lithogenesis of Clay Sediments --
Ch. three. Formation of the houses of Clay Seals in Lithogenesis --
Pt. II. attribute of the Facies kinds of Clay Seals --
Ch. four. Depositional Environments of Clay Seal Formation --
Ch. five. Facies research of Clay Seals in Oil- and Gas-Bearing Basins --
Ch. 6. The Composition of the Facies forms of Clay Seals and Its switch with intensity --
Ch. 7. constitution and homes of the Facies varieties of Clay Seals --
Pt. III. Modeling of the switch within the Clay Seal homes in Lithogenesis
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Extra info for Clay seals of oil and gas deposits
3 m. They have an isometric or anisometric form. Large isometric micropores (5) (Fig. 3). The intramicroaggregate porosity represented by interparticle (2) and interultramicroaggregate (3) pores (Fig. 2, b) is of subordinate importance in the matrix microstructure. 2% of the total porosity. 5) in the matrix microstructure. The interultramicroaggregate fine anisometric micropores (3) (see Fig. 85). , Lisse, The Netherlands LITHOGENESIS OF CLAY SEDIMENTS 45 elements. This is evidenced by the circular form of the orientation rose (see Fig.
The cohesion between particles at such contacts is due to the long-range molecular and in some instances also magnetic and dipole (Coulomb’s) interactions [54, 56, 57] the summary energy of which exceeds the energy of thermal agitation of the interacting particles. A. D. V. Yaminskiy et al. , and many others. A characteristic feature of the coagulation contacts in clay dispersions is the presence at the contact between particles of a thin equilibrated interlayer of a liquid (Fig. 9), whose thickness corresponds to the free energy minimum of the system and may vary from few nanometers to 50–80 nm and more.
This microstructure is encountered both in the marine and fresh-water basin environments. Depending on the depositional environment and mineral composition, the formed microstructures differ in the structure of microaggregates and in the character of their interaction in a cell. Three varieties of honeycomb microstructures are most common. The first one is characteristic mainly of kaolinite sediments and is formed by elongated microaggregates, whose structure resembles a shifted pack of cards (Fig.