The realm round the Baltic Sea has for millennia been a meeting-place for individuals of alternative origins. one of the circum-Baltic languages, we discover 3 significant branches of Indo-European — Baltic, Germanic, and Slavic, the Baltic-Finnic languages from the Uralic phylum and several other others. The circum-Baltic sector is a perfect position to review areal and make contact with phenomena in languages.
The current set of 2 volumes examine the circum-Baltic languages from a typological, areal and old standpoint, attempting to relate the complex styles of similarities and dissimilarities to the societal heritage. In quantity I, surveys of dialect parts and language teams undergo witness to the substantial linguistic variety within the sector with detailed realization to much less famous languages and language types and their contacts.
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Extra info for Circum-Baltic Languages, Volume 1: Past and Present (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Rùoka vs. g. víesíels vs. vesels. 1 Classiﬁcation Since August Bielenstein (Bielenstein 1863/64), the Latvian dialects have been classiﬁed into three groups: – the central dialects (Latv. vidus dialekts, Germ. der mittlere Dialekt) are spoken in most of Vidzeme (except for a transitional zone bordering on Letgalia in the east) The Latvian language and its dialects – – as well as in Semigalia and Courland proper (with the exception of its northern part); they have formed the basis of the standard language since the earliest writings (in the 16th century).
Rudzı¯te, Marta. 1993. Latviešu valodas v˜esturiska¯ fone¯tika. Rı¯ga. Some of the examples from Latvian dialects have been taken from the card ﬁles of the Latvian Language Institute, Latvian Academy of Sciences, Riga. 1 Number of speakers Lithuanian is now spoken by about 3,500,000 people in Lithuania and about 600,000 people spread over a number of other countries. Outside Lithuania, autochthonous Lithuanian populations can be found in north-eastern Poland near the Lithuanian border and in a few villages in Belarus.
The High Latvian palatalization is marked on p’i. In the Tamian version, the index ·2Ò warns that the broken tone may represent an original broken or falling tone: in the High Latvian version it warns that the falling tone may represent an original falling or drawn tone. Until now only vocalic features have been mentioned. If we take into account the consonant system as well, we will see that High Latvian is more distinctive here. 1. , word-ﬁnally). This feature is shared by Lithuanian, but distinguishes High Latvian from the central dialects, which have no palatalization as a secondary articulation.