By Evan S. Medeiros
Examines the constitution and operation of the chinese language goverment's controls on exports of things that may be utilized in the creation of guns of mass destruction.
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Additional info for Chasing the Dragon: Assessing China's System of Export controls for WMD-related Goods and Technologies
Limited internal/administrative controls and government policies supporting proliferation 2. Limited internal/administrative controls applied to some general types of military-specific goods and government support for nonproliferation 3. Growing internal/administrative controls bolstered by narrow interministerial consultations and very limited high-level oversight 4. Public, legally based export controls on conventional weapons and some nuclear and chemical weapons–related items 5. Public, legally based controls on dual-use nuclear and chemical items 6.
The government’s ability to implement and enforce these laws and regulations has received much attention. As China accelerates the marketization of its economy and its integration into the international economy, the challenges to effective export-control enforcement will grow geometrically. 1 Following the founding of the PRC in 1949, China’s controls on military-related exports were essentially de facto controls ____________ 1 For a good overview of the historical evolution of Chinese export controls, see Jonathan E.
The creation of this organ did not guarantee substantial limits on such behavior, however. The MFA was seldom the strongest bureaucratic actor in such internal deliberations. In addition, as mentioned above, senior Chinese leaders at that time continued to view trade and economic development as a national im____________ 13 China’s defense industrial enterprises (jungong qiye) are state-owned industries that produce weapons and equipment for China’s military; they are distinct from “military enterprises” (jundui qiye), which used to be owned and operated by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) until divestiture by the PLA in the late 1990s.