By Russel Thompson
Atmospheric strategies and platforms provides a concise advent to the ambience and the basics of climate. studying varied facets of the mass, strength and stream structures within the surroundings, this article presents specified money owed of particular phenomena, together with* the composition and constitution of the ambience* power transfers* the cycle of atmospheric water by way of evaporation, condensation and precipitation* strain and winds on the basic or international scale* secondary air plenty and fronts* thermal adjustments and climate disturbances.The textual content comprises 16 boxed case reviews, annotated extra studying lists and a thesaurus of keywords.
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Additional info for Atmospheric Processes and Systems (Routledge Introductions to Environment Series)
CASE STUDY 3: The enhanced greenhouse effect The term ‘greenhouse effect’ is used to describe the way in which certain gases in the atmosphere respond to solar and terrestrial radiation in a way similar to that of the glass panes of a greenhouse. Solar radiation is transmitted through the transparent glass and is then absorbed by Earthsurface objects, converting it into heat and causing a marked temperature rise in the greenhouse. The next stage is when this heat is emitted away from the surface as long-wave infrared radiation, which is absorbed by the (now) opaque glass and reradiated back to the greenhouse floor.
Substitutes for these substances have been developed and are being tested for potential environmental damage. Some substitutes contain chlorine atoms, such as HCFCs. A slow phase-out of these substitutes is scheduled by 2030, to accommodate the technological developments needed for non-chlorine replacements. 1 Phase-out periods of CFCs, halocarbons and similar substances agreed to in Copenhagen, 1992 The structure of the atmosphere • 15 Key topics for Part I The composition and structure of the atmosphere provide the framework for wide-ranging processes and interactive systems.
6 indicates that climate models can produce a wide range of global warming scenarios with changing CO2 emissions, where scenario C appears to be the most desirable. This, however, can be accomplished only by drastic cuts in emissions over the next decade. , 1988). 4 Net radiation and energy transfers within the atmosphere and at the Earth’s surface The all-wave radiation balance is termed net radiation, which is partitioned into energy (heat) transfers or non-radiative fluxes (termed energy balance).