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By Casper de Groot, Hannu Tommola (eds.)

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Additional info for Aspect Bound: A voyage into the realm of Germanic, Slavonic and Finno-Ugrian aspectology

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This problem still requires more detailed study, especially as it is connected with the question about the normativity of the given phenomena. Still, if we disregard the cases where bounded verbs are non-paired because of morphological reasons, we may assert that the basis of various types of aspectual pairedness is found first of all in aspectual lexical-semantic factors. Thus, a typology of the aspectual-actional meanings of bounded verbs, which affect the types of their aspectual pairedness (taking into account "pure aspectual" prefixes), appears in the following general features.

Thus, the category of boundedness/non-boundedness is a lexical-semantic level of verbal aspectuality, while the category of aspect is its grammatical level. In Slavonic languages, both levels interact: non-bounded verbs appear in the form of imperfective aspect only, bounded verbs may have aspectual pairs, or have only one aspectual form (perfective aspect), or they may show unequal frequency as to the derivation of aspectual pairs (cf. zameCtat'sja reveries', but pf/ipf. zaiitat'sja/zaiityvat'sja pf.

This view has been inherited from such outstanding linguists as Ferdinand de Saussure (1922: 162) and Antonín Dostál (1954: 15-16), but it ought still to be rejected as a weaker hypothesis as long as it has not been proved that the meanings of aspects cannot be directly related to extralinguistic reality. To subjectivism we can oppose denotative theories: aspect forms in various languages denote something and the choice between them is not primarily subject to the speaker's "stylistic" aims. In denotative theories, aspect systems reflect the human way of classifying states of affairs (or situations).

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