By Margaret A. Boden
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Extra info for Artificial Intelligence and Natural Man
And models the return In . the contributions of each of these of molecules to the water. analogies to subjects reasoning about evaporation processes was examined at three levels of abstraction; a macroscopic functional level. an aggregate microscopic level. and a molecular unit level. The billiard analogy provides the model for the intermediate. aggregate molecular level of description. The rocket ship analogy uses the lower molecular unit level to model the escape of a single molecule. and must be generalized to be related to the aggregate level.
It is realized that given the generalization relationship of two hypotheses and their relative efficacy in covering training instances. it is possible to identify more promising refinement strategies. For example. two hypotheses HI and H2 describing the same class. if HI and H2 are equally efficacious 1 in describing the class. and HI is more general than H2. then H2 may be eliminated from further refinement. Similar refinement heuristics based on the relationship of two or more hypotheses can be defined.
Autonomous learning systems that start with general inference rules and learning techniques. and gradually acquire complex skills and knowledge through continuous interaction with an information-rich external environment . The World Modelers project provides a simplified artificial environment -- a continuous three-dimensional physical model of the world -- to facilitate the design. implementation and testing of integrated learning systems. Thus. the world simulator can be viewed as a tool that enables researchers to investigate significant intermediate steps between the single-function learning systems of today (systems largely incapable of multi-task learning.