By Val Morrison, Paul Bennett
An advent to well-being Psychology offers idea via an appreciation of ways society and tradition influence in perform. It makes a speciality of 3 vast topics: * wellbeing and fitness, overall healthiness behaviour and staying fit * changing into sick and utilizing healthcare * Being in poor health and the impression at the person and their households. The ebook covers all mainstream wellbeing and fitness psychology subject matters and likewise offers insurance of an important modern concerns corresponding to cross-cultural dimensions of healthiness and affliction. Chapters are established logically and clarification added with genuine readability. this is often the ebook that may have interaction and educate scholars in a wholly new approach.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Health Psychology
A description of 5- to 12-year-old children’s conception of health within the context of their daily life, Psychology and Health, 13(5): 883–96. Background Studies based on stage theories of cognitive development suggest that children move from very concrete and rigid views of illness based on observables to more abstract concepts that understand causality, interior body and mental health. However, cognitive development is not the only inﬂuence – experience of health and illness plays a role, as does socialisation, thus it is suggested that studies of children’s concepts of health (as well as other concepts) are best studied in relation to context and experience.
Individual, cultural and lifespan perspectives on health Lay theories of health and illness If a fuller understanding of health and illness is to be attained, it is necessary to ﬁnd out what people think health, and illness, are. The simplest way of doing this is to ask them. ’ and found that people make three main types of response: 1. that health means a ‘general sense of well-being’; 2. that health is identiﬁed with ‘the absence of symptoms of disease’; 3. that health can be seen in ‘the things that a person who is physically ﬁt is able to do’.
This raises the issue of health being considered differently when it is no longer present. Health is considered to be good when nothing is wrong (perhaps more commonly thought in older people) and when a person is behaving in a health-protective manner (perhaps more commonly thought in younger people). It also highlights that other personal and social factors, such as age, inﬂuence health perceptions, as described in the next section. Social representations of health A well-cited study by Herzlich (1973) conducted unstructured interviews with a small (n = 80) sample of French adults in order to ascertain the ‘social representations’ of health and illness (see also Chapter 9) and found that although it was hard for some to disentangle health from an absence of illness, health seemed to be viewed as a state of equilibrium across various aspects of the person, encompassing physical, psychological, emotional and social wellbeing.