By Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides (auth.)
Alternative power resources is designed to provide the reader, a transparent view of the function each one type of replacement power may well play in offering the power wishes of the human society within the close to destiny (20-50 years).
The first chapters on "energy call for and provide" and "environmental effects," set the tone as to why substitute power is key for the long run. The 3rd bankruptcy provides the legislation of power conversion techniques, in addition to the constraints of changing one strength shape to a different. The part on exergy offers a quantitative heritage at the capability/potential of every power resource to supply energy. The fourth, 5th and 6th chapters are expositions of fission and fusion nuclear strength, the ability crops which may produce energy from those resources and the problems that may body the general public debate on nuclear strength. the subsequent 5 chapters contain descriptions of the commonest renewable power assets (wind, sunlight, geothermal, biomass, hydroelectric) the various much less universal resources (e.g. tidal and wave energy). The emphasis of those chapters should be at the worldwide capability of every resource, the engineering/technical platforms which are utilized in harnessing the opportunity of every one resource, the technological advancements that may give a contribution to wider usage of the assets and environmental results linked to their wider use. The final 3 chapters are: "energy storage," with the intention to turn into a massive factor if renewable strength resources are used widely.
The fourteen chapters within the ebook were selected in order that one may work a semester college path round this booklet. on the finish of each bankruptcy, there are 10-20 difficulties and 1-3 feedback of semester tasks that could be assigned to scholars for extra examine.
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Extra info for Alternative Energy Sources
When crude oil and the other conventional energy sources become expensive, alternative energy sources become viable, economic alternatives to satisfy the energy demand of the society. 2 Energy Demand and Supply 21 The experience of the years 2006–2010 demonstrates how the significant energy price increase resulted in more conservation measures and increased use of alternative energy sources at the individual, the corporate, the national and the global levels. On the other hand, when there is an ‘‘oil glut’’ and the energy prices drop to a low level, energy conservation, alternative energy and higher efficiency projects become relatively more costly and less important to the general population.
Technologies for the utilization of solar, wind, geothermal, and hydrogen fusion energy6 must become widely available in the future to satisfy the global energy demand and to ensure the continuation of our civilization. All of the world’s countries utilize and promote domestic energy sources to satisfy their energy demand to the extent possible. For the production of electricity, most countries use their domestic coal supply, supplemented by nuclear fuels and a small percentage of fluid hydrocarbons and renewable sources.
With the technological advances in offshore exploration, drilling and oil production as well as with the significant increase of crude oil prices during the 1970s, these reserves became economical to be exploited and were promoted to proven reserves. By 2000, most of these potential reserves have yielded oil-producing fields. Similarly, the technological advances of the 1990s that allowed deep sea drilling operations resulted in the promotion of several offshore oilfields in the Gulf of Mexico from resources to proven reserves.