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By M. Grant

Civil defence was once an essential component of Britain’s glossy heritage. in the course of the chilly battle it was once a primary reaction of the British govt to the specter of battle. This book is the 1st historical past of the arrangements to struggle a nuclear struggle taken in Britain among the tip of the second one global warfare and 1968.

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Additional info for After The Bomb: Civil Defence and Nuclear War in Cold War Britain, 1945-68

Example text

The Bill was discussed in a Committee of the whole House on 30 November, and the third reading was passed on 3 December, with the new Act receiving the Royal Assent on 16 December 1948. The Act was in place, but the policy was not. This was made through the issuing of Regulations as Statutory Instruments. The first set of regulations, ‘The Civil Defence (General) Regulations, 1949’,113 and ‘The Civil Defence Corps Regulations, 1949’,114 were issued on 27 July 1949, and came into force on 10 August 1949.

Over the course of December 1950-January 1951, civil defence advocates fought a doomed battle to see civil defence spending increase in line with military spending. 26 Deeper roots included the perception, common throughout the immediate post-1945 era, that civil defence was being dangerously ignored to the extent that Britain’s survival as a war-making power was in jeopardy. This had been the Home Office opinion in 1948, and they seemed determined to improve the civil defence position in late 1950.

Evacuation and shelter policy were seen as central elements, yet no evacuation scheme had been discussed in detail, and The Cold War and the New Civil Defence 35 any shelter policy would need an enormous level of government commitment for it to be implemented. Other life-saving measures were thin on the ground, and time and effort had been expended and essentially wasted on debates about the dispersal of industry. Other measures would, like shelters, be reliant on government funds. In this sense, although the philosophy of atomic age civil defence had been decided, the battle for its implementation had yet to fully begin.

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