Download Ad Infinitum: A Biography of Latin by Nicholas Ostler PDF

By Nicholas Ostler

“An soaking up, scholarly account of the heritage of the Latin language, from its origins in antiquity to its afterlife in our personal time...Ad Infinitum treats its readers with the distinction of Roman citizens.”—The Wall road Journal

The Latin language has been the single consistent within the cultural background of the West for greater than millennia. It has outlined the way we show our techniques, our religion, and our wisdom of ways the area capabilities, its use echoing on within the legislations codes of part the realm, within the terminologies of recent technological know-how, and, until eventually 40 years in the past, within the liturgy of the Catholic Church. In his erudite and wonderful “biography,” Nicholas Ostler exhibits how and why Latin survived and thrived while its creators and different languages failed. initially the dialect of Rome and its surrounds, Latin supplanted its buddies to develop into, by means of conquest and cost, the language of all Italy, after which of Western Europe and North Africa. After the empire collapsed, spoken Latin re-emerged as a number of recent languages, from Portuguese and Spanish within the west to Romanian within the east, whereas a data of Latin lived on because the universal code of ecu notion, and encouraged the founders of Europe’s New international within the Americas. E pluribus unum. Illuminating the extravaganza of its earlier, Nicholas Ostler makes transparent that, in 1000 echoes, Latin lives on, with no sign of ending.

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C. and B. 1. Pp. 189-218. Vater, Heinz 1970. On the Generation of Modal Verbs. Paper read at the Ethno-Linguistic Seminar, Bloomington, Indiana. ABBREVIATIONS A/E = focal agent-oriented/epistemic sense Al/El = non-focal agent-oriented/epistemic sense A2/E2 = marginal agent-oriented/epistemic sense APPENDIX Agent-oriented vs. epistemic modality of eight German modals The data presented below have been elicited from three native speakers of High German. While a number of discrepancies were noted among these informants, the overall ratios turned out to be essentially the same.

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Berkeley Linguistics Society 8: 484-507. Sweetser, Eve Eliot 1984. Semantic Structure and Semantic Change: A Cognitive Linguis­ tic Study of Modality, Perception, Speech Acts, and Logical Relations. Ph. D. disserta­ tion, University of California at Berkeley. Sweetser, Eve Eliot 1988. Grammaticalization and Semantic Bleaching. Berkeley Lin­ guistics Society 14:389-405. Traugott, Elizabeth C. 1989. " Language 65,1:31-55. Traugott, Elizabeth C. 2. Approaches to Grammatical­ ization. 2 volumes. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

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