By Alessandra Giorgi
This publication considers the semantic and syntactic nature of indexicals - linguistic expressions, as in I, you, this, that, the day past, tomorrow, whose reference shifts from utterance to utterance.There is a long-standing controversy as to if the semantic reference aspect is already current as syntactic fabric or if it is brought post-syntactically via semantic ideas of interpretation. Alessandra Giorgi resolves this controversy via an empirically grounded exploration of temporal indexicality, arguing that the speaker's temporal place is laid out in the syntactic constitution. She helps her research with theoretical and empirical arguments in response to info from English, Italian, chinese language, and Romanian. Professor Giorgi addresses a few tricky and longstanding matters within the research of temporal phenomena - together with the Italian imperfect indicative, the homes of the so-called future-in-the-past, and the homes of unfastened oblique Discourse - and exhibits that her framework can account elegantly for them all. rigorously argued, succinct, and obviously written her publication will attraction largely to semanticists in linguistics and philosophy from graduate point upwards and to linguists drawn to the syntax-semantics interface.
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Extra info for About the Speaker: Towards a Syntax of Indexicality (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
That is, the embedded event is interpreted as a real past with respect to the superordinate one. Again, I will not address this issue in this work. 31 A reviewer asks about the possibility of licensing indexical temporal expressions, such as oggi (today) in subjunctive complement clauses, given that the speaker’s temporal location is supposed not to be syntactically represented. The answer is that a temporal morpheme in a language such as Italian is a predicate, whose arguments must be thetaidentiﬁed in the syntax.
If temporal adverbs intervene, the interpretation will vary according to the temporal speciﬁcation carried by the adverbial modiﬁer. I will discuss this point below. 3 The Subjunctive 39 (56) Gianni ha detto che Maria ha telefonato, ma non è vero Gianni said that Maria called(ind), but it is not true (57) Gianni crede che Maria abbia telefonato, ma non è vero Gianni believes that Maria has (subj) called, but it is not true Furthermore, some factive verbs select the subjunctive mood, as in the following examples: (58) Gianni rimpiange che Maria abbia vinto Gianni regrets that Maria has(subj) won In this case, contrary to (56) and (57), the truth of the embedded clauses is actually presupposed.
In fact one should hypothesize a principle affecting the present tense in embedded contexts, an ad hoc anchoring principle concerning past-under-past forms, a hypothesis about the nature of Germanic future, and a further hypothesis about the morphosyntax of Italian-like future forms. The other possibility would be to argue that the effects found with the present tense in (1)–(2) are not due to some principles of grammar at work only with the present tense, but that, on the contrary, the principles of SoT are the same for all the verbal forms appearing in the embedded contexts.